Skip to main content

Press pass - A phony IDea

One of the topics I see come up every once in a while on photo blogs and forums is the use of a phony press identification card to gain access to events. The idea is simple enough and, on the surface, sounds harmless enough. It also doesn't require a lot of clever skills to create a fake press ID.

A few questions came to mind while reading some of these blogs and forums.  What are some of the most common types of identification cards? Why would you want to have a fake press ID? What are the repercussions of using that fake ID? What are the laws governing identification cards in general? Here are a few points I discovered in my search for some of these answers.

First let's define what a press ID is, and also what it is not. In simple terms, a press ID is an identification card that tells the viewer of the card that you work for a specific media outlet. The media outlet can be any company that collects and disseminates information of a newsworthy nature. It could be a big news corporations such as the Associated Press and Reuters, with thousands of reporters and photojournalists all over the globe, or smaller services like a local newspapers, magazines or television station.

Then there are the hundreds of thousands of micro outlets that we may not really consider as valid outlets. Take your favorite blog sites you frequent for instance. The stories have to come from somewhere. Somebody has to collect, check, write, edit and publish the information your read. Bigger blogs are like small magazines or newspapers of yesterday with their own reporting staff.

Even my own little corner of the blogging world falls in the category of a media outlet. After all, I do report on current events within the scope of the group. So technically I can, as owner of this site, issue myself (or anyone writing for me) an identification card (see image above) that states I am a staff reporter/photographer for "My Photo Spot".

While it identifies me as a (valid) reporter or photographer for a (reputable) media outlet, it is not a press pass giving me free reign to come and go into restricted areas without permission. I can not use that ID to, let's say, get into the next big name arena concert or ring side at a major sporting event. I also can not use it to muscle myself on to the favored side of a police barricade.

What are some of the most common types of identification cards? The most commonly recognized types of IDs are state or government issued identification cards. To make an ID valid it typically has your name and a current photo. Additional information such as address, date of birth or card specific info is determined by the use of the card. Here is a short list of some of the most commonly seen types of ID cards;
  • State Driver's License (allows the bearer to operate a motor vehicle)
  • State Issued Identity Card (proves the bearer is a resident of that state)
  • Gun (Pistol) Permit (authorizes the bearer to own and use permitted weapons)
  • Military Identity Card (gives the bearer access to military sites)
  • Passport (proves the bearer is a resident of a certain nation and has the right to travel abroad)
  • Government Employment Identity Card (identifies bearer as a government employee including law enforcement)
Then there are ID cards that are issued by employers. These cards are location or job specific, meaning they are not really valid outside of their scope of use. Some of these types include the following;
  • Security Access Card (provides the bearer access to restricted or sensitive areas)
  • Employment Identity Card (proves the bearer works for a particular company)
  • Temporary or Visitor Identity Card (gives the bearer limited restricted access to specific sites)
Press passes fall under that last category. A press pass gives the bearer limited or restricted access to a specific event. For example, journalists covering the olympics were given press passes to access very specific sites or events. It identified them to the olympic security team as valid (and reputable) members of the press with special permission to record the events.

Why would you want to have a fake ID? Having a press ID has a certain appeal. It gives the wearer a certain air of authority and, to an uninitiated person, it validates the bearer as a legitimate photographer who is (obviously) doing his/her job for some company. Specially if you do not work for an outlet that would allow you to legitimately have access to specific events. Let's face it, if you saw someone with an expensive camera and a legit looking ID hanging from their vest you wouldn't get in the way or ask questions. The gamble is that authority figures wouldn't ask either.

What are the repercussions of using a fake ID? If you are caught using a fake ID to gain access to restricted areas the punishment can be varying and it can be severe. At best you can simply be kicked out of the venue. However, higher profile events take these breaches of security much more seriously and punishment can be anything from trespassing charges and breech of peace to false impersonation and forgery which are federal offenses. Then there are civil suits that can be laid against you for 'damages' and 'theft of service'. Big name concerts and professional sports events are two groups that would come down hard on a forged ID.

What are the laws governing identification cards in general? The laws about ID cards are actually very loose. You can have an ID card that states you are a member of the Rebel Alliance fighting the evil Empire, complete with photo, rank and anything else you want. That doesn't mean it will be accepted anywhere. Well, maybe at a sci-fi convention, but that's about it. Even then it's recognized as a gag ID.

Anyone can issue an ID card for any purpose. What makes an ID card valid is the method and circumstance in which it is used. The sales clerk at the local mall could care less about a Yale student ID card however, the Yale campus security guard does.

Having a legitimate press ID card does have its benefits, so long as you play by the rules and follow the proper channels. A legitimate press ID identifies you as being a working reporter/photographer for an established media outlet. It opens access to venues and events you couldn't get otherwise, such as back stage access or front row access, etc. However, it takes more than just the ID. Having material to back up your claim is a must. Specially if the organization or event you want to photograph runs a background check.

If your claim is accepted and you check out as being a valid reporter/photographer, the organization will then issue you a press pass for that event. The press pass is what actually allows you access to these prime spots the general public will not have access to. The interesting thing is that many places will issue press passes with little hassle. All you have to do is ask what the process is and be willing to offer something in return. Many venues, specially smaller ones, desperately want the free publicity a reporter can offer.

But what if you don't work for a media outlet? Freelancer's can get the same benefits. Tell them you are a freelancer working on speculation. The worst that can happen is they can tell you 'no'. If that doesn't work, try hitting up the performer or manager (if it's a concert) or the coach or player (if it's a game) of smaller events. Having a few of these 'legit' events under your belt can lead to bigger things. You may have to offer up some free pictures for the privilege but the returns can be rewarding. You never know if it leads to a paying gig in the future.

So if you are thinking of pulling a fast one with a fake ID, you may want to think twice. Reputations are easy to destroy. Specially if you are looking to gain experience or employment in the field of photojournalism or event photography.


  1. If you work for yourself as a freelancer, how then do you obtain a press pass? Do you make one, or would that be classed as fake ID? How else can you get one that states the name of your venture if you don't make it yourself...If you pay one of these companies to make you one, is that not classed as fake. I don't see the difference. Its not official ID, it only names you and what you do, i.e. Photographer....I think its just another way for someone to make money.

  2. Freelance work is a different animal in itself. Freelancers can work on spec or part time for an established venue or publication. If you work on spec you will have to sweet talk someone to issue you a press pass for special events. If you're hired as a freelancer by a venue or publication it is their job to make sure you are issued the proper credentials. A pass is only fake if you make a forgery of one and do not have a legitimate claim to use it.


Post a Comment

Post a comment only if it adds to the topic being discussed. Spam, hate or derogatory comments will not be allowed.

Most Popular Posts

Large DIY Diffusion Scrim

One of the most commonly used tools in my photographic arsenal is the all purpose diffusion screen . I use it to soften light, create gradients and light fields or as a background. One of my current favorites is a metal framed 4' x 4' foot scrim with thick white artificial silk made by Matthews. I didn't think I would use it so much, being so large, but having borrowed it from a friend I really came to love it. The downside for me is the price. At just over $100 I couldn't really justify the cost, considering I want at least two of them. Time for a DIY alternative.

DIY Softbox Storage Hanger

If you own a softbox, or two, you understand how bulky and unwieldy they can be. Imagine owning several in different sizes. Storage becomes an issue. One solution is to break them down and store them flat, but that becomes a pain after the first few times struggling to put one of these things together. It is more convenient to just grab one "off the shelf" and go to work. Allocating shelf space seems like such a waste of valuable storage space. In my case I have two square softboxes, three striplights and soon two more rectangular ones. That's a lot of real estate. Time to come up with a storage solution that doesn't require floor space or shelf space. The solution I came up with is a compromise of an idea I originally had of hanging them from the ceiling on pulleys so they would be out of the way until needed. I still like that idea, but for now I will be suspending them from a wire rack shelf system in my studio. Here is what the system looks like.

Don Julio - Hero Shot

For starters, a hero shot is one in which the product is showcased in all its splendor. Careful attention is placed on making the product look its very best. For this shot of Don Julio I knew I wanted to give the bottle some majesty by photographing it from a low angle. That low angle makes the bottle look tall, towering over the viewer and creating a position of dominance. Can't you hear the choir of angels singing in the background? I also knew that I wanted a rich, moody image with lots of darks. I am partial to darker images, which is surprising to most people because the majority of the work I do are images on white backgrounds. But that's another story. I also tried a lifestyle type shot with glasses and lime slices but I wasn't feeling it and ended up scrapping it. Again, that's another story.

Observations on composition - Pieter Bruegel

In this article I am reprinting a critique I published on regarding the painting entitled ' Census at Bethlehem ' by famed painter Pieter Bruegel , who was born in what is now the Netherlands in the 1520s. The first point I would like to say is that you first need to consider both the medium and the time frame of this painting. Being a painting, the artist has a certain advantage of being able to carefully direct the large amount of content presented to the viewer, unlike, say, a photo of opportunity of the street photographer (I strongly believe Pieter would have been the 'street photographer' of his time). Even a studio photographer, with the luxury of space and time, would have a hard time justifying creating such a complex composition. Where you would see this type of visual composition today would be in modern cinema. In particular, period pieces that rely on background elements to "sell the era" .  Secondly, the era in which thi